Director and Cinematographer comparison

The film industry over the past few decades has seen a huge rise in excellent film directors and filmmakers in general. Mainly starting in the 80’s films of high quality were massively produced and the amount of profit made from the film industry increased dramatically. Two of the most important and well know roles in the film industry are the jobs of the director and cinematographer. Even if there are a large amount of jobs in the film industry that a lot of have no idea that they even exist, these two professions are very essential to the film making process and both are needed in order to make a film. However there are some definable differences between these two job roles and are extremely different in a lot of aspects which make these roles very different from each other which is different from the large amount of people who see these jobs as the same.

A cinematographer also known as a director of photography is the chief over the camera and light crews working on a film, television production or other live action piece and is responsible for making artistic and technical decisions relating to the image. To study in this field is refereed as being a cinematographer.  The cinematographer selects camera, lens, and filters in order to fit the desires of the director. The relationship between the cinematographer and director depends on how heavy handed the director is with the vision, for example if the director is loose with how he wants his film to look like the cinematographer is able to go one their own and go wild with what they personally want to put in. However if the director is more strict with the look of the film the cinematographer will not be able to have that much creative freedom. In this sense the director has the one the highest amounts of influence over the rest of the film crew. However the cinematographer has a lot of power over the technical team and is basically in charge and orders the camera operators (who are sometimes informally called cameramen are the operators of film and video cameras. The camera operator is also in charge of holding shots and maintaining angles in a shot)  , camera assistants (also known as focus pullers whose primary job is to maintain sharpness in a shot or object which is being filmed), gaffers (A gaffer in the motion picture industry and on a television crew is the head electrician, responsible for the execution (and sometimes the design) of the lighting plan for a production. The term gaffer originally related to the moving of overhead equipment to control lighting levels using a gaff)., and the light and grip crew, but the cinematographer only works with a team like this mainly in large projects such at television shows and motion pictures.

The director is probably one of if not the most important role in the film making industry. Without a good director the whole film or project would likely fail meaning the choice of director is extremely crucial to the final product of the filming process. However this does not mean the director is the only important role in the film making industry, the cinematographer and most of the crew is almost equally of importance to the film. The job of the director is basically to take charge of the entire production of the project and is a part of mostly all aspects of the film and the final project these aspects include the artistic, technical and dramatic aspects of the film or project and also visualises the script, while also taking charge of the technical crew. The director also has the final say in most aspects of the film which include the cast members and mostly all creative aspects of filming a television show or motion picture. The main job of the director is to create the overall vision of the project or motion picture that would eventually become realised and by taking charge of all technical and creative aspects of  the director would need a large amount of group leadership and communication skills which would help him control the film crew but also would have the ability to understand and change anything in the project that someone or a large amount of people  disagree with and with this he or she would need to have an ability to go through extremely  stressful and fast- paced environment that is the film industry. Also directors are extremely well known compared to other roles in the film industry to the point they are seen as equals to the actors in the public eye, some famous directors include Edgar Wright, Steven Spielberg, Quentin Tarantino, Christopher Nolan, Sam Raimi and M night Shyamalan.

The film industry jobs of director and cinematographer are both extremely important to the film making process however there are some very important differences between the two that distinguish them from each other which means that they have some very different t aspects which some people can see them as completer different when view through the right eyes or mind. For example the director is in charge and has is partly in control of every piece of the creative and technical film crew which is a lot of response ability. Whereas the cinematographer is only in charge of the technical aspects of the film making process e.g. the lighting and camera crew with less there is less stress with being a cinematographer as there is less work to do. On the other hand being a director is one of the, if not the most stressful jobs in the film industry and is the hardest to keep in tune because of the large amount of pressure on the directors and the huge workload makes being a director one of the most difficult jobs in the media industry. Also when choosing crew and actors for the project the director, since he or she is in charge of all aspects of a film, is in charge of all aspects of choosing who is in the film or project. While the cinematographer sine is only in charge of the light and technical crew only has to choose people for those specific aspects of the film or project, this again shows how the cinematographer has less work to do than the director which leads to less stress compared to the director. Another major difference between the director and the cinematographer is the relationship they have with the producer of the movie or project, while the director has many convocation with the director about how the film should look and how the characters should be acted and etc. which gives the director a pretty close relationship with the producer. The cinematographer and in fact most people in the crew do not speak to the director and instead their ideas and information is relayed back through the director. This means that the director gets more credit than the rest of the crew, which in most cases is deserved since he or she does ten times more work than the rest of the crew. But this also means that cinematographer gets less credit and because of the low amount of credit the cinematographer gets the job of being a cinematographer is less known than the job of being a director so a lot of directors are as well-known as the actors and actresses inside the film for example Sam Rami or Steven Spielberg however there are very few cinematographer’s that are actually know meaning that they are seen as less important to the making of a film or project which is less than true. Along with the fact that the director gets more credit, this leads to the director getting paid more than the cinematographer, this again is due to the fact that the director does a lot more work than the cinematographer. However there is one type of project that the cinematographer tends to get paid more than the director, adverts and this is mainly due to the fact that the look of an advert is one of the most important thing about an advert and because of this the cinematographer gets paid more in this situation than the director, but in most other areas in the industry the director gets paid more than the cinematographer.

In conclusion the job rolls of film director and cinematographer do have many similarities, however the amount of work that separates the two jobs shows the key difference between the two jobs and that makes one job have a much higher pay than the other, that being the amount of the director having more than the cinematographer, but the amount of stress this extremely heavy workload has on the director could turn people off being a director. But to balance this the director is much more popular in the public eye.  Finally in my opinion because of all of these factor myself if I were to choose which job to pick I would probably choose the job of being a director, Yes the amount of stress that is had by a director is huge compared to a cinematographer but the pros outweigh the cons in this situation plus by having a close connection to the producer and having better conection with the audience and because of this the director is able to take control of all aspects of a film and use it and mold it into there own vision which gives the director so much more creative freedom than the cinematographer ever does, apart from advert where cinematographers have a lot of creative freedom because they need to because the look in adverts it extermely important. But that does not mean that cinematographers are useless, in fact they are exteremly important towards the filmmaking process and without them a film or product wouldn’t work and they are some upside to being a cinematographer but the fact is there were more cons to bein a cinematographer compared to a director.

 

 

 

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infographic and media blog

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Blog 1: Film industry jobs

Personally I am interested in working in the media industry, and I would mainly want to work as a director (an example of one of my inspirations is Quentin Tarantino), which directly is the main controlling factor of the planning and making of a film or TV shows they do this by being the main contributing factor in the creation of the dramatic and visual aspects of a film/TV show while also giving help to the script and behind the scenes of the project. However they are not the main feature of a film/TV show/project there are so many different jobs that are in the film industry which include.

  • Actor
  • ADR (Automated Dialogue Replacement) / Dialogue Editors
  • Aerial Camera Pilot
  • Aerial Director of Photography (DoP)
  • Agent
  • Apprentice Lighting Technician
  • Armourer
  • Art Department Co-ordinator
  • Art Director
  • Best Boy
  • Bookings Co-ordinator
  • Boom Operator
  • Camera Operator
  • Carpenter
  • Casting Director
  • Catering Crew
  • Chargehand Carpenter
  • Chargehand Painter
  • Chargehand Rigger
  • Chief Hairdresser
  • Chief Make-up Artist
  • Choreographer
  • Co-producer
  • Colourist
  • Composer
  • Concept Artist
  • Console Operator
  • Construction Manager
  • Costume Designer
  • Crane Operator
  • Distributor
  • Editor
  • Graphic Artist

(This was only 6 pages of a 15 page list)

Blog 2: Seven superpowers of a knockout infographic

1.The story.

When creating your infographic, you need to focus on the audience you want your infographic to be seen by and not your own creative opinion and instead should use that creativity around your audience instead of yourself. Also, you should make the infographic about the main point you’re trying to make and focus on it, instead of trying to talk about other topics and only focus on your main topic and have sub-topics that link to your main topic because of this the view will be able to understand you full point and know all the main facts without being confused.

2. The style.

The use of style in a infographic is very important because its the first thing your audience is going to see and if it isn’t visually appealing they will ignore it, because of this the colours and composition of the infographic should be appalling to look at, in order to gain the most attention from the audience you want to attract.As well as that the infographic needs to be structured in a hierarchical structure which clearly shows the most important features of he infographic and shows them in a easy to follow way which doesn’t overwhelm the audience.

3. Simplicity

In your research if you have gathered a lot of information you will need to condense it down to the most important parts in order to not make your infographic look confusing and will also hurt the visual appeal. Another thing to look at is your fonts you use for your text, don’t try to use so many this will again make your infographic look cluttered and because of this your should limit yourself to one or two at the most. Also by restricting the colour palette you can make the infographic visually appealing without again making it too over-blown and chaotic.

4. Size

The size of the image is critical to the look and appeal of the infographic the ideal size of a infographic should be 735 pixels wide and to not go over 8000 pixels high. However these sizes may be subject to change, in circumstances in which you really want your infographic to stand out you may want the infographic to be 1500-2000 pixels long.

5. Statistics

Depending on the type of  infographic you’re making you may need a lot or a small amount of information. If your infographic is a How-to-style infographic you may not need to much information or references in it. However if you need to use information you will need to make sure the facts are reliable and true, in order to make sure of this you will need to use reliable websites which you know will have the correct information on it if not and you have no other choices go to a library and find the information you need from there.

6.  Share-ability

This part of a infographic is probably the most important part, if you have a good infographic it doesn’t matter if it doesn’t have a good share-ability. In order to make your infographic stand out and be seen by a large number of people you will need to share it on many different platforms in order for it to gain traction and get seen, because of this a good place to put your infographic is your website or any type of social media you use and if you ask people to share it the higher chance of your audience actually spreading it to their audience.

7. Source

In order to make your source reliable so people will be able to understand its a good infographic you will need to confirm your facts by giving out references which will show you have reliable and trust worthy data. Another way of making your source reliable is adding quotes and giving credit for the people who said them by using the word “cred” this will ensure that your viewers/audience understands that the quote your putting out is important and will show your integrity.

Blog 3: Primary, Secondary ,Qualitative and Quantitative

Different types of research

Primary                                                                                                                                                    meaning:Primary research (field research) involves gathering new data that has not been collected before. For example, surveys using questionnaires or interviews with groups of people in a focus group

Examples of primary research:

  • Interviews
  • Focus groups
  •  Questionnaires/surveys
  • Recorded Observations
  • Reports of meetings/discussions
  • taking photographs
  • Ethnography

secondary                                                                                                                                                meaning:Secondary research (desk research) involves gathering existing data that has already been produced.

Examples of secondary research:

  • Printed media
  • Internet
  • big data analysis
  • Film/TV

Qualitative                                                                                                                                                 meaning:Qualitative Research is primarily exploratory research. It is used to gain an understanding of underlying reasons, opinions, and motivations. It provides insights into the problem or helps to develop ideas or hypotheses for potential quantitative research.

Examples of Qualitative research:

  • Internet
  • Focus groups
  • Film/TV
  • Recorded observations
  • Reports of meetings/discussions
  • taking photographs

 

Quantitative                                                                                                                                             meaning: Quantitative research is a formal, objective, systematic process in which numerical data are used to obtain information about the world. This research method is used: to describe variables; to examine relationships among variables; to determine cause-and-effect interactions between variables.

Examples of Quantitative research:

  • Big data analysis
  • Questionnaires/surveys
  • Printed media
  • Ethnography

 

Blog 4 : review of two research methods

Primary research

Pros:

  • Since its research you’ve found yourself it means that your research is 100% true as you have made it yourself so you know what is true and what is not.
  • Also your research can be 100% your own so you can choose whatever question and what subject to talk about.
  • since Primary research your own you can have an edge over competitors as you don’t need to share your research with the internet.

 

Cons:

  • There is a high cost of gathering people in order to gain primary research because of this factor many people choose to use other methods because it isn’t certain that you will get the results you want.
  • Also primary research is extremely time consuming and because of this if many people need to get a piece of information out quickly the choose other options.
  • Also unlike many other methods getting primary research takes more than on person to get and will need a lot of people in order to gain it.

Secondary research:

Pros

  • Extremely cost and time effective and unlike other methods it takes very little time to gather and gain secondary data as it is easy to get a hold of as it has an abundance on the internet and in other paces such as libraries.
  • Since there is a large amount of secondary data which can be found on the internet this means that gaining it is extremely easy to get.
  •  Data collected from secondary sources gives an idea to organization about effectiveness of primary research. From secondary data one can form hypothesis and can evaluate the cost and efforts required to conduct own surveys. One can also note down issues, which are not covered from secondary research and, need to be addressed through primary research.

Cons

  • The data you find on places like the internet maybe inaccurate and in some cases not true at all this could lead to people being misinformed about your subject which will cause problems with your data.
  • Some of the information you get might be old and not Accurate to the current times and this will cause people to see your information as unnecessary and will discard it.

Blog 5: final infographic

september 5, 2016arcadia football field6-00 pm.jpg

Research Resources:

 

Blog 6: Evaluation

Gathering research for the info-graphic lead me into many difficulties such as what research was relevant and what research was crucial to the info graphic as is needed and because of this there was a lot of information that either needed to be discarded or worked into smaller parts of the info-graphic.

Firstly I gathered information and the definition on what the UK film industry actually is and how it is different compared to other big film industries like the Japanese film industry and the American film industry. With this information i was able to clearly lay out what the UK film industry actually was in a way that didn’t confuse the person reading.

Secondly when i finished researching about the types of jobs in the UK film industry I started to research the positives and negatives with working in the UK film industry and found that there were a lot of opinions and views on the working conditions of the UK film industry which I hadn’t thought about before.

Thirdly I gathered information which linked to different types of jobs in the UK film industry, and found out the huge amount of jobs that are available in the UK film industry and because of the huge amount I decided to focus on the job of directing while also briefly.

Finally I gained some statistics that linked to the UK film industry and the film industry as a whole and put the rest of my information in the info graphic, in a way that was simple enough for the audience to read but also make it eye catching in order to draw my audience in.